Cystic Fibrosis CF

fibrocystic disease of the pancreas or mucoviscidosis

aadc dopamine deficiency
+ 0

in U.S.A.


Case Per
3,300 White Births


Case Per
15,300 Black Births


Case Per
32,000 Asian American Births

Neurotransmitter Disorder

Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

Cystic fibrosis (CF), also known as Fibrocystic disease of the pancreas or Mucoviscidosis, is an inherited disease that causes the buildup of thick of the mucus and disrupts the function of sweat glands. It causes breathing problems and lung damage; it may also a man’s reproductive system.

The condition used to be much more prevalent in children, however it has recently become more predominant in adulthood. This is not due to fewer children being diagnoses with CF, but more due to treatments becoming more effective, and the fact that patients with CF are now living longer.


Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Symptoms​

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Symptoms

Mucus buildup and bacterial infections caused by CF can result in chronic coughing, wheezing, and inflammation, which can lead to permanent lung damage.

Common Symptoms of CF include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Recurring chest infections
  • Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and damage to the airways (bronchiectasis)
  • Malnutrition
  • Weightless
  • Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Constipation, abnormal stools.
  • Shortage of insulin can also cause cystic fibrosis-related diabetes mellitus

Adults with cystic fibrosis experience health problems affecting the respiratory, digestive, and reproductive systems. Men with CBAVD are unable to father children unless they undergo fertility treatment.

Cystic Fibrosis (CF)


Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Diagnosis

Diagnosis is often discovered in early infancy, and is typically noticed when the first common signs and symptoms appear. These can include wheezing, coughing with mucus, greasy stools, sweat, cognitive issues, coordination problems, and trouble gaining weight or growing.

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Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Treatments

CF treatments have improved greatly in recent years, and some people are living into their forties or fifties. Treatment will involve multiple specialists dedicated to devising a unique program for each patients needs. This team may consist of:

  • Child life specialists
  • Pediatricians or other primary care providers
  • Respiratory therapists (breathing therapists)
  • Physical therapists
  • Pulmonologists
  • Gastroenterologists
  • Radiologists
  • Social workers

Manage Symptoms

Everyday practices can help better manage these symptoms. For example, keeping airway clear using the following method can help in a number of ways:

  • Special ways of coughing and breathing
  • Devices that to loosen mucus
  • Chest physical therapy, also known as postural drainage and percussion, to loosen mucus.


There are also several medications that can help treat cystic fibrosis. These include:

  • Antibiotics for lung infections
  • Inhaled bronchodilators to make breathing easier
  • Inhalers to thin and remove mucus
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroids and non-steroidal medications
  • Medications to treat the cause of cystic fibrosis in people with certain gene variants
  • Pancreatic enzymes for digestion aid
  • Stool softeners for constipation

Surgery for CF

In some cases, one of several surgeries may also improve the quality of life of those with CF: 

  • Nose or Sinuses surgery
  • Bowel surgery
  • Transplant surgery, including a double lung transplant or a liver transplant

Maintain Healthy Diet

Diet is another important factor in the treatment of CF. Since people with CF often require 1.5-2 times the amount of nutrients as most others, it’s important to ensure patients are consuming enough, healthy calories.

Have questions?

Cystic Fibrosis Frequently Asked Questions

CF is rare disease; reported to affect between 1 in every 10,000-20,000 people worldwide.


Unfortunately there is no way to prevent or to cure CF. However modern treatments can greatly improve a patient’s quality of life.

The average life expectancy of someone with CF used to be around 30 years old, however modern treatments now see most patients survive past their 50’s, even into their 80’s.

Talk to your talk doctor about support groups, both locally and online, where you can connect with others living with, and/or caring for those with CF.

Patient organizations and advocacy groups can help provide the latest info on treatments and medications, as well as provide the social support that can be extremely important when it comes to maintaining a healthy mental outlook.

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